Monday, May 25, 2020

Jury System - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2307 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Analytical essay Tags: America Essay Did you like this example? The American judicial system has always insisted on the jury system despite the changes taking place in the developed world. 90% of the jury trials take place in the United States and most European countries do not understand why the American public is fascinated by jury trials. Does the U.S. system carry the seeds of its own demise, as in other nations that once used juries widely and gradually replaced them with decisions by judges (Vago, 2008, p 48)? The answer to this question can be found by exploring the historical roots of jury trials and how the American legal system inherited this practice from their previous colonial master, England. History of the Jury System During the medieval times, 12 free and lawful men were usually summoned by each community to help the king in deciding the course of justice. For centuries these panels based their decisions on what they knew of local wrongdoing (McLynn, 1989, p 89). For centuries the standard moral code for the community was decided by the decisions of the 12 panelists. As England was evolving into a democratic society, it became clear that the jurors decisions were being influenced by the neighborhood gossip. By the time the American legal system absorbed the British model, U.S. jurors were admonished to ignore anything they might know about the case and decide the facts solely on the evidence presented in court (Rawlings, 1999, p 55). In the British system, the jury trials were seen as potential buffers against any harsh decisions that may be handed down by the king. The jurors added some element of civility to the process, unlike in the past where the determination of guilty and the level of punishment to be handed down were solely decided by the king. Furthermore, the jury proved to be extremely resourceful especially during the bloody code when death penalties were handed to even the pettiest of crimes. The bloody code refers to a period in 17th century England where the death penalty was mandated in almost all manner of crimes in a bid to curb the rising crime levels. Some of the more absurd criminal offenses that warranted the death penalty included stealing horses or sheep, destroying turnpike roads, cutting down trees, unmarried mothers concealing a stillborn child, stealing from a rabbit warren etc. The driving force behind the implementation of such stiff penalties was the unsympathetic nature of the rich and affluent society in Britain. Since the rich made the laws, they enacted the laws that protected their interests. With time, the British juries softened the impact of this by acquitting defendants or finding them guilty of lesser crimes (McLynn, 1989, p 91). The Jury System in America Comparing the role of juries in America to their counterparts in Britain during this era, America viewed trial by jury as a buffer against oppressive prosecutions by their British colonial masters. The turning point proved to be in the 18th century when Ameri can publisher John Peter Zenger was found not guilty by a New York jury on the charge of criticizing a governor appointed by the British king (Honorà ©, 1995, p 112). This created an early momentum for freedom of press such that by the time the country got its independence, the right to a fair trial (by jury) was an attribute expected by every citizen. When the Bill of Rights was adopted in 1791, it stated that in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury (Rawlings, 1999, p 58). The right to jury trials was also extended to civil cases. According to television journalist Fred Graham, America continues to be fascinated by jury trials because of the immense power that jurors yield when deciding the guilt or innocence of a citizen. Even though they are simple average citizens, jurors appear to stand above this sovereign nation and they determine if a state should punish or not punish its citizens. The jury system has it flaws and its no more perfect than the entire legal system or the democratic government. However, it gives the US citizens a feeling of representation in the judicial process and they can aim for when creating an even more perfect union which represents the diverse ethnic and economic backgrounds in America. The diversity of the American population later proved to be the Achilles heel of the jury system. The race issue in America elicits strong reactions, more so during the selection of jurors. Traditionally, both the prosecution and defense were granted equal weight in jury selection but some prosecutors overplayed their strikes, referred to as peremptory challenges, and removed African American jurists whom they believed were biased towards favoring defendants in criminal trials. The practice was curbed by the Supreme Court and the level of all-race representation in jury trials has increased. Even though the system is not yet perfect and there still exists some element s of racism and prejudice, a majority of the diverse ethnic groups and races are of the opinion that jury trials offer the best form of justice. Americas Preference for Jury Trials An interesting statistic is 29% of adult Americans have served on a jury and most of them believe their service turned them into better citizens (Honorà ©, 1995, p 118). In America trial by jury has moved from a right to representation for all guilty parties to an essential prerequisite in this free society. From the days of their forefathers, an average American understands that the main advantage of a jury trail is it safeguards all defendants from tyranny and excesses by the state. Even William Blackstone, a famous English commentator, went against the norms in his country and lamented that trial by jury is a palladium of our legal rights (Honorà ©, 1995, p 118). Even though trial by judges is a common practice in a majority of democracies across the globe (especially in former British colon ies), America has remained steadfast on jury trials and the assumption is the determination of guilt or innocence is too big of a task to be shouldered by experienced judges. Lawyers have always been viewed as a corruptible group of individuals but such viewpoints have never been extended to judges. However, they are human, just like lawyers, and some of them have been linked to bribery allegations involving criminal elements. Allegations of judicial corruption do exist in America and even though most lawyers wont admit it, some judges are also corrupt if one looks at the biases they may have towards specific prosecutors. This trend has been witnessed in judges who have assumed their new roles on the bench after a long and illustrious career as prosecutors. Such judged may inadvertently favor the prosecution, either implicitly or explicitly, and preside over a case in a manner which works against the defense. In countries which havent adopted jury trials, a judge can easily issue a ruling which favors a particular side and the only checks or balances against such excesses originate from the same chambers he serves in. In contrast jury tampering is a bit more demanding and obtaining a biased ruling isnt as easy as Hollywood makes it. The task of jury tampering is further hampered by the nature of jury composition. Both the prosecutor and the defense are given equal opportunities (and strikes) to select their jurists. Furthermore, the composition of the jury is unknown until the time of the trial (Rawlings, 1999, p 62). Adding to this, jury service is usually a short-term engagement and this makes it even more difficult to establish a corrupt relationship with the jurors (Rawlings, 1999, p 62). Judges have vehemently resisted all allegations of being corruptible and the few that were caught in the act are simply isolated cases. There is some element of truth in this statement since very few judges fit into the criteria of accepting cash/gifts inorder to sw ay their ruling, unlike lawyers. However, the Achilles heel of judges is after a long tenure of service, they begin acting like government bureaucrats. They become so encrusted within the mindset of laws, rules and regulations that they are unable to distinguish law from justice (Vago, 2008, p 42). Referring to the constitution of democratically elected governments across the globe, the judiciary is independent from the executive and legislature. The job of drafting laws rules and regulations is left to the legislature and its the role of the law enforcement officials to uphold these laws. The lawyers on the other hand are supposed to interpret the law and represent their respective clients (the defendant or the state) to the best of their abilities but within the confines of the law. Judges whove served for long periods of time are unable to distinguish between interpreting the law and ensuring that the defendant gets a just ruling. This folly is usually witnessed in authoritari an regimes where judges take it upon themselves to uphold the law and supersede the mandate of the police and even the prosecutor. Jury trails in America are criticized for being too long and the media circus which follows is an unwanted attention that most foreign judges do not understand. The slow and mundane process of explaining the facts to the jury has the advantage of limiting a judges excesses and every ruling made must incorporate the decision of the jury. The problem of judges acting like government bureaucrats also exists in America but such excesses are also checked by the jury system. The advantage that a jury has is its composed of ordinary Americans and they have a layman understanding of the law; they may not understand the law to the same extent as lawyers or judges but their sole purpose is to ensure that justice was served. Jurors are more likely to ask the deeper and more profound questions when faced with whether to permit the government to punish the defenda nt (Honorà ©, 1995, p 115). Is the defendant aware of his wrongdoings and if so, should the jury let him walk even though its evidently clear he committed the crime? Such are the questions which juries debate on and unlike judges; they are allowed to look at the shades of gray when interpreting the law. Judges on the other hand arent allowed to acquit a suspect after its clear that hes committed a crime; its not a judges job to debate on whether the crime committed by the accused was just. A judge will simply sentence the accused after proving guilt and determine the extent of punishment that should be handed down. As previously mentioned, juries have added some element of civility to the legal process and the best example is comparing todays jury system to the bloody code era in 17th century England. The bloody code was a group of laws which prescribed the death penalty to over 200 separate offenses. Such was the brutality of the system in those times that most prisoners usuall y exhibited the utmost indifference to their fate, and appeared to entertain no fear for the consequences of their guilt. Prisoners as young as 14 years were hanged by the neck until they died and thousands of people thronged public squares to see these executions. Historical records have indicated that the youngest prisoners ever executed in Britain were Michael Hammond and his sister Ann. They were aged 7 and 11 respectively. They were hanged on 28th September 1708 for theft. It can be argued that comparing the bloody code to todays jury system is a bit of overkill. However, the American jury system evolved from the British system which had to incorporate the role of the jury inorder to tone down the excesses of the bloody code. Therefore, even if all former British colonies (and other nations) arent adapting a jury system, its clear that their current legal procedures are a lot more civilized because of the actions of the 12 free and lawful men who gave birth to the jury syste m. Another aspect that shouldnt be forgotten is a jurys verdict is final; Courts around the world can overturn a judges ruling by issuing injunctions but the jurys verdict is considered sacred. That is, no matter how the jury rules, there is nothing either the judge or the prosecutor can do to change or modify the verdict (Vago, 2008, p 47). The best example of this phenomenon was a case in Laredo Texas in 1960 when a man was arrested for possessing marijuana with intent to distribute. When the defendant took to the stand, he tearfully confessed on how he needed the money to support his family which was going through financial difficulties. The federal judge and prosecutor were shocked when the jury returned a Not Guilty verdict. Unable to contain himself, the judge went on a rampage and screamed at the jurors, stating that they were the dumbest people to have ever served on a jury in his courtroom and advised them that their names would be permanently stricken from the federal j ury rolls in Laredo (Rawlings, 1999, p 63). The defendant walked away from the court a free man. Who is to blame in this situation? The jury for not seeing a criminal for who he really is or the prosecutor for not being able to prove beyond reasonable doubt a rather obvious conviction? The only sure thing is the system is not at fault. Conclusion The right to a fair trail and the opportunity to plead for the courts mercy is right that every American knows he or she deserves. The defendant mentioned above got his day in court and pleaded his case, but a bit too excessively. While letting a guilty man walk might leave a foul taste in the mouths of many legal academicians, its a low price to pay when compared to denying an innocent man his day in court and sentencing him without hearing his side of the story. The bloody code proved how an ass the law can be when too much power is wielded by the state. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Jury System" essay for you Create order

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Octavius Misunderstanding of Teamwork with Julius Ceasar

What is teamwork? Teamwork is a group of people working together effectively and efficiently to achieve a common goal. To me, I don’t think that Octavius understood the role of teamwork or team play. He sometimes made sure it was only about him and nobody else. What was the cause of Octaviuss reaction, what triggered his emotions? Octavius, also known as Augustus, is the adopted son of Julius Caesar. Julius Ceasar was killed because many people were threatened by his power and being crowned the king of Rome. Octavius was the biological son of Gaius Octavius. Gaius was married to the daughter of Julia Caesar who happened to be the sister of the great Julius Ceasar. His father ended up dying only when he was four years old, and he ended up being adopted by Julius Caesar. After Julius was killed Octavius, Lepidus, and Mark Antony planned on fighting Brutus and Cassius to take over the Roman Empire. Brutus and Cassius plotted to kill and Caesar and take over the Rome. After they killed Caesar, many Romans were upset with the situation at the capitol. Octavius isn’t present during the funeral of Caesar; Antony is on the other hand, and Brutus decides to let him speak at the funeral. Being a dumb decision on Brutus’s, Antony goes up and starts speaking the crowd and eventually turns the whole crowd aga inst the two villains. After Caesar has died, Rome immediately goes into war with itself, and is breaking the country apart. I feel that Octavius is trying to rule the country

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Many Causes of the American Revolution Essay - 848 Words

There were many causes that brought on the start of the American Revolution. A great deal of the civil unrest was brought on by the acts that followed the end of the French and Indian War. At the end of the war, most of which was fought on American soil, England had incurred a dept almost double that of when William Pitt took office. Because the war was fought for the colonists, much of England believed that that they should be the ones to recoup the great financial loss that England had suffered. The colonists disagreed, as they saw it the French and Indian War served to strengthen England’s hold in the colonies, and as British subjects they should not be held accountable, while those in Britain paid nothing. The first attempt for†¦show more content†¦Also, the stamp was required to be paid in sterling silver, and hard money was very hard to come by in these days. The Act, though passed in February of 1765, did not take effect until November of that year, and by April the colonists had been notified, leaving them with 7 months to formulate a response. While the colonial governors were unlikely to do anything against the king, being that it was he that gave them office, this did not stop the colonial assemblies from meeting to discuss their objections and their recourse if they were to all out object. Eight of the colonies held discussions on the Stamp Act. By Octoebr 1765 delegates were sent to New York City by nine of the colonies to what became known as the Stamp Act Congress where they petitioned Greenville for repeal of the Tax. Their demands were to no avail. This distress at this taxation wran much deeper then any group of politicians. This tax affected the livelihood of ma ny Americans, all those who requred any official paperwork would be affected and taxed. Each of these people needed to decide wether or not they would comply with this new law, or should they just boycott alltogether. The first massive effort to resist the act came in Boston, where Samuel Adams organized and led a large street demonstration in which they protest the tax by a mock execution of the designated stamp distributor,Show MoreRelatedCauses Of The American Revolution1202 Words   |  5 PagesThroughout history many revolutions took place, ranging from the unremarkable to a truly memorable, as the French revolution, the American Revolution, and the Bolshevik Revolution, but American revolution took place in 1775-1783. The revolution was different from other revolution because of growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government because American revolution was not like the others. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Differences Between Public and Private Sectors free essay sample

It consist of government businesses and firms and goods and services provided by the government such as he national health service, state education, Jobs, roads, public parks and law and order. Throughout this paper, we will examine other differences that exist amongst public sector and private sector such as policy decisions and beneficiaries. Often you hear news analysts talk about the public and private sectors. While most people usually have an idea what these two terms entail, there are complex differences between the two, which are also useful to learn about. Houston (2000) states, in spite of virtually universal agreement among scholars that public organizations have more goal complexity and ambiguity, public managers do not iffer from business managers in response to survey questions about such matters. Public managers do not differ from business managers on perceptions about organizational formalization, in spite of a chorus of assertions that government agencies have more red tape and rules than private firms have. We will write a custom essay sample on Differences Between Public and Private Sectors or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Public managers do, however, show very sharp differences in response to questions about constraints sector it is basically made up of organizations which are owned and operated by the government. Within the United States, the public sector consists of government agencies like federal and state offices. When a private individual speak of the public sector, they are typically referring to a public authority, or public body. Any federal institution that is associated with health care, police services, prison services, local and central government management, and all their departments, are also considered as a part of the public sector. Rainey and Bozeman (2000) states, organizations are made up of a complex of important dimensions and issues; researchers have developed bodies of research on these dimensions, which include goals, structure, motivation and many others. The comparisons of public and private organizations have been influenced by these patterns, drawing on conceptual and methodological developments in these areas. For example, researchers have compared business firms to public agencies on measures of work satisfaction among members of the organization and on their perceptions of organizational structure, using concepts and empirical measures that organization theorists had developed to measure satisfaction and structure. Next, there is the private sector. This sector is generally made up of organizations which are private, which means that they are not wned by, nor part of, the government. All small businesses, corporations, profit and non-profit organizations, partnerships, charitable organizations and middle to large entrepreneurships, are considered as part of the private sector. The specific examples are retail stores, credit unions, local businesses and non-government operated banks. So, what is the difference between the public and the private sector in regards to the way that they operate? Those who are in the public sector are known for supplying services to the public, and they are not competing with any other institution for profit. On the other hand, private sectors seem to have a goal of outshining their competitors, and maximizing their revenue. According to Perry and Rainey (1988), Privately owned and funded organizations are asserted to be more heavily influenced by their economic markets, and they are more autonomous from government oversight. They also state, Governmental regulation and government contracts can bring heavy governmental control to bear on some private firms. On the other hand, government organizations that are funded through market sales or user charges often have concomitantly greater autonomy from governmental ontrols. Majority of public sectors are managed under a bigger chain of command and control, while private sectors mostly operate in a corporate setting. As for the differences with their policy decisions, the activities in the public sector have a goal of adhering to what is indicated by law, while the private sector is driven by the rules of shareholders and corporate owners. Schmidt (2008) states, The research agenda of companies is more focused and targeted and therefore perceived as easier to handle for managers. Also, the decision-making process is different. Managers of private enterprises can faster and easier change orientation, focus and targets. This implies, according to some managers, that the instrumentation used in the private sector is different from the one used within public research. the beneficiary of the services provided by the public sector, is the general public. These goods and services are sometimes provided free and in other cases consumers benefit the public as a whole. This is because it would be hard to charge people for the goods and services concerned or people may not be able to afford to pay for them. Therefore, the services tend to be those considered very important to modern life that for moral reasons their universal provision is usually guaranteed, and they are associated with fundamental human rights. Helping others with a specific need or want is their way of defining a service. An example of a service which is not generally considered an essential public service is hairdressing. As for the private sector, it is mostly the consuming public who utilizes the goods and services that they offer in exchange for profit. A private sector is not controlled by the state. There are various legal structures that exist for private sector business organizations, depending on the Jurisdiction in which they have their legal residence. Individuals can conduct business without necessarily being part of any organization. According to Burger and Stare (2010), The challenge remains how to simultaneously boost employment and efficiency in private services, while curbing the employment in public services without Jeopardizing their performance. Exploiting the innovation potential in private and public services as well as the interfaces between the two may contribute to solving the problem. In conclusion, most studies show there is a small amount of evidence that the participants have sufficient knowledge of real public-private differences.

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

The Moment in the Quiet Little Park free essay sample

Mr. Emerson Outdoor Descriptive Essay The moment in the quiet little park As I placed my heavy backpack on the old bench, I feel tiredness coming up to me, as well as the sadness, because I have to spend in the park for an hour just to write some descriptive essay. So I grabbed my pencil and notebook and started to look around, the park was lonely. The sunset was not spectacular that day. The vivid ruby and tangerine streaks that often caressed the blue brow of the sky were sleeping, There are some days when the sunlight seems to dance, to weave and frolic with tongues of fire between the blades of grass. he yellow light was sickly. It diffused softly through the gray curtains with a shrouded light that just failed to illuminate. High up in the treetops, the leaves swayed, but on the ground, the grass was silent, limp and unmoving. We will write a custom essay sample on The Moment in the Quiet Little Park or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There was me, sitting on the bench, writing this essay. It was a quiet Tuesday late afternoon and not many people appears, I sat there alone on the ancient bench, the cold wind blew at me, and down to my spine. As I looked up In the sky, it is transformed into a colorful horizon; filled with endless streams of orange and red. The tree by my side soon gathered my interest, on the edge of the bench where I was sitting, the ancient tree sat hunched over, the gnarled, old king of a once vast domain that had long ago been turned to pasture. The great, gray knees gripped the hard Earth with a solidity of purpose that made it difficult to determine just where the tree began and the soil ended, so strong was the union of the ancient bark and grainy sustenance. Besides the ancient tree, there was an enormous baseball park; the grass is green as a precious jade. People with their pets’ plays joyfully on the grass, the enjoyment on their face are precious and reminds me the fairy tale books I use to read back in my childhood age, the quote â€Å" happily ever after â€Å"truly exist. Even I barely remember my childhood life, but after looking at toddlers walking around looking confused, that innocent little face has truly touched me. ‘Are we all like this back in our childhood’? The mysterious question suddenly appears in my head. As the sun has set and the sky has darkened like an evil spirit forcing spells to it, I stood up and walked into the sandpit that’s next to me, I can feel the soft smooth sand beneath my feet, and soon I’m taken in by the soothing atmosphere that encircles me. I close my eyes, letting myself absorb in the cool breeze on an up-coming autumn day. I am comforted by the sounds of the night wind; the rhythmic pounding of the blowing represses all of my worries. I look into the cloudless cerulean black sky and see the perfection of life. I often want to be like a bird, seemingly drifting endlessly in the wind without a care in the world. As I walked and sat on the playground swing, and now that I am relaxed, allowing myself to close my eyes and drift off for a peaceful swing, that moment was joyful. But however, that moment didn’t last long. I am soon awoken but the sounds of an owl; its big yellow eyes intimidate me, it looks like a furious predator, searching aggressively for its prey. I looked up to the sky again, searching for the wonders. I was surprised by the setting bright circular moon hangs in the sky, like a yellow balloon off in the distance, it was beautiful. The cold wind once again startled me, forcing me to leave. It was freezing as I reached into my pocket and checked my phone, the one and half has gone. So I reached my backup, plugged into my headphones, and ready to leave. I walked to the top of the front gate of the park. I was shocked by the view, the park seems to look ancient, but from the front gate view, it is beautiful. The light brightly shines on to the grass, and with the gently wind blow effect. The grass seems to be lively alive, and since I have a gentle music playing on my iPod, that moment was fantastic. It’s not only words that can describe this moment, because the scene I was looking has become way beyond its meaning. ss

Monday, March 9, 2020

Applied Skill for Human Services Essays

Applied Skill for Human Services Essays Applied Skill for Human Services Essay Applied Skill for Human Services Essay The field of Human Services is loosely defined. unambiguously nearing the aim of run intoing human demands through an interdisciplinary cognition base. concentrating on bar every bit good as redress of jobs. and keeping a committedness to bettering the overall quality of life of service populations. The Human Services profession is one which promotes improved service bringing systems by turn toing non merely the quality of direct services. but besides by seeking to better handiness. answerability. and coordination among professionals and bureaus in service bringing. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nationalhumanservices. org/what-is-human-services ) . Human services professional is a generic term for people who hold professional and paraprofessional occupations in such diverse scenes as group places and halfway houses ; correctional. rational disablement. and community mental wellness centres ; household. kid. and youth service bureaus. and plans concerned with alcohol addiction . drug maltreatment. household force. and aging. Depending on the employment scene and the sorts of clients served at that place. occupation rubrics and responsibilities vary a great trade. The primary intent of the human services professional is to help single and communities to map every bit efficaciously as possible in the major spheres of life. A strong desire to assist others is an of import consideration for a occupation as a human services worker. Persons who show forbearance. apprehension. and caring in their traffics with others are extremely valued by employers. Other of import personal traits include communicating accomplishments. a strong sense of duty. and the ability to pull off clip efficaciously. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nationalhumanservices. org/what-is-human-services ) . When you think about it we all are in the human service field in some manner or another. assisting person across the street. picking up something person dropped for them. assisting for the vacations. these are all ways of assisting y our fellow man/woman. The bigger difference is the profession of human service goes farther to make this every twenty-four hours non merely on a random caprice. When it comes to assisting a household on the threshold of dividing up because maltreatment. force. or any other unthinkable act against a kid will you assist or merely turn a cold shoulder. a human service worker has made a pick to set themselves as an advocator for the child/family to step in and supply a safe oasis or manner out and off from the job. When looking at Todd and Reggie. they truly are traveling through a batch individually allow entirely together as a twosome. You know off the chiropteran that this will non be a speedy twosome of Sessionss and name it a twenty-four hours. these cats have a batch of things traveling on from decease to substance maltreatment to being homosexual. which has been non every bit tabu as it has been in the past few old ages. The demand separate guidance to aerate out their ain personal issues so one time that has been dealt with so seek undertaking twosomes therapy. Classs give order to life. and every twenty-four hours. we group other people into classs based on societal and other features. This is the foundation of stereotypes. bias and. finally. favoritism. A stereotype is an overdone belief. image or distorted truth about a individual or group - a generalisation that allows for small or no single differences or societal fluctuation. Stereotypes are based on images in mass media. or reputes passed on by parents. equals and other members of society. Stereotypes can be positive or negative. A bias is an sentiment. prejudgement or attitude about a group or its single members. A bias can be positive. but in our use refers to a negative attitude. Many of the biass and favoritism are passed down to the other coevalss. When the media and parents perpetuate degrading stereotypes and images about certain groups of people tend to know apart others who belong to such groups. Peoples with autocratic personalities tend to prejudice every bit good since their thought has its base on unconscious frights. Ethnocentrism makes people to measure other people’s civilization based on their ain and they are normally leery of foreigners. Group closing which involves maintaining clear boundaries between groups with different features could be another cause. The struggle theory suggests that the people who belong to the bulk. the high societal category and the privileged groups try really hard to keep on such places. Any sort of competition particularly from the minority can convey force and struggle between them. In America. for illustration. black patients may travel to a white counsellor with negative outlooks and prejudices. A recommendation to them would be to seek heartache. intoxicant. and substance maltreatment reding aside from what they are acquiring. There may besides be other plans Reggie could look into for employment aid as he is non truly happening anything with the STARS plan. It seems as if Reggie and Todd may necessitate clip apart before they can go a twosome. They truly need to sit down and be honest with each other and see if this truly traveling anyplace or are they merely hanging on in hopes something alterations for the better. Resources hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nationalhumanservices. org/what-is-human-services hypertext transfer protocol: //www. psychologytoday. com/articles/199805/where-bias-begins-the-truth-about-stereotypes

Friday, February 21, 2020

PSY 365 Psychology of Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

PSY 365 Psychology of Diversity - Essay Example At the seminar students volunteered to participate and completed the first questionnaire. Some of these were subsequently located in the United States and completed mail surveys. Ultimately the sample of 155 completed all questionnaires. The participants pursued graduate education in thirty-one American states, with the highest concentration in California followed by New, and Michigan, Oklahoma, and West Virginia. The variables measured were: acculturative stressors, affiliation with Taiwanese and Americans, English competence and their effect on adjustment. There were two control variables mentioned; these were the need to improve one’s English ability and extroversion. There were several hypotheses related to the effect that ethnic density would have on the variables acculturative stressors, affiliation with Taiwanese and Americans and English competence, and the resulting effect of these on adjustment. The authors sum up the hypotheses thus, â€Å"In sum, we hypothesized that acculturative stressors, affiliation with Americans, and English competency would be greater while affiliation with Taiwanese would be less for students in lower ethnic density schools as compared to those in higher ethnic density schools by the second semester. Furthermore, adjustment in the third semester would be predicted by acculturative stressors, affiliation with Americans, and English competence on low er ethnic density campuses, but affiliation with Taiwanese on higher ethnic density campuses, controlling for extroversion and baseline English ability†. The results of the study showed that in fact when there were more Taiwanese students on the campus there was more affiliation with them. On schools with moderate numbers of Taiwanese students there was indeed greater affiliation with Americans and better English competence. However the presence of acculturative stressors, affiliation with Americans and English competence enhanced adjustment only